PERCEIVED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY POLICY OF MULTINATIONAL OIL COMPANIES IN THE NIGER-DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA.
EKWOABA, O. Joy ODETUNDE, J. Oladimeji & ADEGBOLA, A. Grace
Department of Industrial Relations and Personnel Management
Faculty of Business Administration
University of Lagos
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The Niger-Delta region south-south Nigeria had been both economic and political battle ground for years. The agitations in the oil producing communities among other things is borne out of the perceived discriminatoryemployment practices and unfulfilled corporate social responsibilities (CSR) policy of the Multinational Oil Companies (MOCs) operating in the area. This neglect of the region created high unemployment and youths’ restiveness. The study therefore examined how the communities perceived the performance of Multinational Oil Companies with respect to employment practices and corporate social responsibility in the region. The research utilized purposive sampling technique to select three oil producing communities in Warri-South Local Government Area of Delta State. Data was collected by deploying survey instrument with structured questionnaire. This was distributed to two hundred and ten (210) randomly selected indigenes of the communities. Hypotheses on perception of the recruitment and selection, Corporate Social Responsibility and their effects on development of Niger-Delta (ND) region were tested using chi-square and regression analyses based on 0.05 level of significance. The result of the moderated regression analysis shows that recruitment and selection practices significantly interacted with CSR policy of the Multinational Oil Companies to effect the development of the Niger Delta community (r 2 =0.632, P˂0.01). Since the coefficient of the development of the Niger Delta community is positive and statistically significant, it was concluded that recruitment and selection practices significantly interacted with CSR policy of the Multinational Oil Corporations to effect the development of the Niger Delta community. These findings clearly negate the general impression of employment discrimination against indigenes of Niger-Delta communities and failed corporate social responsibility of the Multinational oil companies to the Niger-Delta region. Therefore, it is recommended that Multinational Oil
Companies in Niger Delta should adopt community relation through recruitment and selection practice and corporate social responsibility strategy to enhance host community development.
Keywords: Employment, Recruitment, Social- responsibility, Oil- Companies, Niger- Delta