POLITICAL CULTURE: AN APPRAISAL OF DEMOCRATIC RULE IN NIGERIA’S FOURTH REPUBLIC (1999-2017)
MEMUD, Olanrewaju Rafiu & RAJI, Adesina Abdulfattah
1 Department of Political Science & International Relations, Southwestern University Nigeria,
Okun-Owa, Ogun State.
RAJI, Adesina Abdulfattah.
2 Department of Political Science, Fountain University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
Globalization has made military administration to be out-model, and this made Nigerian state to adopt democratic system in 1999. Since the inception of the democratic process in the Fourth Republic in 1999, the
nascent democracy is facing inherent challenges and impediment that had constantly threatened the continuous survival of the democratic culture. This study seeks to examine the inherent democratic challenges that are
gradually eroding the beauty and essence of democracy in Nigeria. It argues that, instead of having good democratic values, and culture; people are inundated with undemocratic ethics and culture to supplant
established quality democratic values. Qualitative research methodology is adopted to carry out the study in which credible sourced secondary data are descriptively analysed. This study identified fundamental dangers
and challenges to the continuous survival/success of good democratic culture in Nigeria as anointment of party candidacy, lack of ideology paradigm by political party to fashion out policy-based manifesto, swinging party loyalty by politicians, god-fatherism,incumbency factor, electoral robbery at the state level and monetisation of electoral process. This study discovered that bitter political rivalry, winners’ take-all, poor political education, poverty and sentiment based political issues are partly contributing to the poor democratic and political culture in Nigeria. As a matter of necessity, the study recommends that political party campaigns and rallies be strictly made to discuss issues based public policy, and politician be made to debate on proffering solutions to socio-economic underdevelopment confronting the country.
Key Words: Democracy, Democratic Culture, Political Party, Politicians, Politics