AN EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING (EMA) PRACTICES AND BARRIERS TO ITS IMPLEMENTATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NIGERIA AND SOUTH AFRICA

Admin/ May 15, 2018/ Journal of Business and Social science/ 0 comments

AN EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING (EMA) PRACTICES AND BARRIERS TO ITS IMPLEMENTATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NIGERIA AND SOUTH AFRICA

Oluwamayowa Olalekan Iredele: Department of Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria. miredele@yahoo.com

Omowunmi Jumoke Ogunleye : Department of Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria

 Abstract

This is a comparative study on the level of environmental management accounting practices among listed firms in Nigeria and South Africa. The study specifically examined the level of EMA practices in Nigeria and South Africa and identified barriers limiting the practices. It utilised primary data through the administration of structured questionnaire, and a total of 44 accountants (22 from each country) participated. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics involving mean scores. The study found that the level of EMA practices are higher in South Africa (Mean score = 3.4609) than in Nigeria (Mean score =2.9258). The mean scores showed that institutional barrier (3.4148) was the major factor preventing EMA practices in Nigeria while EMA practices in South Africa was prevented mainly by financial barrier (3.5605). This paper concluded that the government and other stakeholders in Nigeria should participate actively in enforcing environmental management practices through the adoption of EMA by corporate organizations in order to overcome the institutional barriers to EMA practices with which Nigeria is faced. Also, given the long term benefits of EMA practices, the government of South Africa should introduce green tax incentives and other market-based environmental policy instruments as reward for environmental performance by firms. This will help ameliorate the short-term negative effect which EMA practices have on their financial performance.

Keywords: Barriers, Environmental, Accounting, Comparative, Institutional

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